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Edexcel: Element 4.3: The goals, function and affect of the European Union (EU) on UK authorities
AQA: Element 184.108.40.206: The European Union: the affect of the EU on UK politics and policymaking.
Background: what you have to know
Though the UK has left the EU, its persevering with affect on the nation’s political system and policymaking stays an vital examination matter. This text, by Tony Blair’s former chief of employees Jonathan Powell, gives a essential view of the Johnson authorities’s dealing with of negotiations with the EU.
With a purpose to perceive the background to the article you have to learn about a number of interrelated points. Boris Johnson signed as much as the Northern Eire Protocol two years in the past as a part of his EU withdrawal settlement, however is now in search of to evade its implications. It’s because, with the intention to keep away from a ‘exhausting border’ on the island of Eire — which could place the 1998 Good Friday Settlement in jeopardy — it introduces checks on items passing between Britain and Northern Eire.
Treating the latter in a different way from the remainder of the UK has antagonised the Democratic Unionist Get together, which by a slim margin is the most important celebration in Northern Eire. This raises the potential for the DUP withdrawing from the devolved administration in Belfast, making a political disaster. One other concern is the function of the European Court docket of Justice in overseeing the UK/EU relationship, which is a sticking level for a British authorities dedicated to Brexit.
Click on to learn the articles beneath after which reply the questions:
The UK strategy to Northern Eire is considered one of informal political vandalism
Query within the type of AQA Politics Paper 1
Query within the type of Edexcel Politics Paper 2
Consider the view that withdrawal from the EU has brought on extra issues than alternatives for UK governments
In your reply it’s best to draw on related data and understanding of the research of Element 1: UK politics and core political concepts
It’s essential to contemplate this view and the choice to this view in a balanced means. [30 marks]
TIP: For the Edexcel query, a related Element 1 matter could possibly be Element 2: Political events. The hostility of the Conservative celebration to EU membership was one of many elements that caused Brexit. The specification additionally requires you to learn about two minor UK events; you could possibly select the DUP as considered one of these, given its central function within the relationship with the EU
Graham Goodlad, St John’s School